The Installation Guide

The Installation Guide for Hyperbola live-CD image (launchable from USB thumb-drive, too) is intended to assist experienced GNU/Linux users in installing Hyperbola from the live system booted with the official installation image. This page assumes a high-level of experience with GNU/Linux systems and utilities, especially the command line. If you'd like a more detailed, step-by-step guide through the installation process, see the Beginners guide. Before beginning, we recommend you view our FAQ, the Arch FAQ , and employ the man command to read the man page of any command they are not familiar with. The Hyperbola wiki (known as HyperWiki), as well as the ArchWiki, should be the primary source of information and your first resource during trouble-shooting.

Download

Download the new Hyperbola ISO from the download page.

  • Instead of six different images we only provide a single one which can be booted into an i686 and x86_64 live system to install Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre over the network.
  • Install images are signed and it is highly recommend to verify their signature before use. On Hyperbola, this can be done by using pacman-key -v <iso-file>.sig
  • The image can be burned to a CD, mounted as an ISO file, or directly written to a USB stick using a utility like dd. It is intended for new installations only; an existing Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre system can always be updated with pacman -Syu.

Blind and visually impaired users

There is a ISO called HyperTalking that is a derivative install CD based on TalkingArch and a respin of the Hyperbola ISO modified to include speech and braille output.

Writing a Hyperbola ISO image to an USB drive

# dd if=''[iso file]'' of=''[usb device file]'' bs=1M && sync
[iso file] is the path to the ISO image file.
[usb device file] is the path to the USB device file. dmesg or lsblk –fs can be used to learn this path. It is often similar to device filenames of storage devices like hard drives and SSDs, e.g. /dev/sdb 'It is very important to use the correct value' to avoid overwriting other storage devices.

Installation

Keyboard layout

For many countries and keyboard types appropriate keymaps are available already, and a command like loadkeys uk might do what you want. More available keymap files can be found in /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ (you can omit the keymap path and file extension when using loadkeys).

Braille Support

HyperTalking includes brltty, for those who own braille displays. The brltty package available on the HyperTalking CD was compiled with as few dependencies as possible. If you wish to use braille, you will need to supply the brltty parameter at the boot prompt. Alternatively, you can start brltty from the shell, after the system has booted.

The brltty boot-time parameter consists of three comma-separated fields: driver, device, and table. The first is the driver for your display, the second is the name of the device file, and the third is a relative path to a translation table. You can use “auto” to specify that the driver should be automatically detected. I encourage you to read the brltty documentation for a fuller explanation of the program.

For example, suppose that you have a device connected to /dev/ttyS0, the first serial port. You wish to use the US English text table, and the driver should be automatically detected. Here is what you should type at the boot prompt:

arch32 brltty=auto,ttyS0,en_US

Once brltty is running, you may wish to disable speech. You can do so via the “print screen” key, also known as sysrq. On my qwerty keyboard, that key is located directly above the insert key, between F12 and scroll lock.

Partition disks

See partitioning for details.

Remember to create any stacked block devices like LVM, LUKS, or RAID.

Format the partitions

See File Systems for details.

If you are using (U)EFI you will most probably need another partition to host the UEFI System partition. Read Create an UEFI System Partition in GNU/Linux.

Mount the partitions

We now must mount the root partition on /mnt. You should also create directories for and mount any other partitions (/mnt/boot, /mnt/home, …) and mount your swap partition if you want them to be detected by genfstab.

Connect to the Internet

As of v197, udev no longer assigns network interface names according to the wlanX and ethX naming scheme. If you are coming from a different distribution or are reinstalling Hyperbola and not aware of the new interface naming style, please do not assume that your wireless interface is named wlan0, or that your wired interface is named eth0. You can use the command ip link to discover the names of your interfaces.

A DHCP service is already enabled for all available devices. If you need to setup a static IP or use management tools, you should stop this service first:

# rc-service dhcpcd stop

For more information read Configuring Network.

The dhcpcd network daemon starts automatically during boot and it will attempt to start a wired connection. Try to ping a server to see if a connection was established. For example, gnu.org:

# ping -c 3 gnu.org
 
PING gnu.org (208.118.235.148) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from wildebeest.gnu.org (208.118.235.148): icmp_seq=1 ttl=47 time=183 ms
64 bytes from wildebeest.gnu.org (208.118.235.148): icmp_seq=2 ttl=47 time=168 ms
64 bytes from wildebeest.gnu.org (208.118.235.148): icmp_seq=3 ttl=47 time=183 ms
 
--- gnu.org ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2002ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 168.131/178.357/183.914/7.248 ms

If you get a ping: unknown host error, first check if there is an issue with your cable or wireless signal strength. If not, you will need to set up the network manually, as explained below.

Wired

Follow this procedure if you need to set up a wired connection via a static IP address.

First, disable the dhcpcd service which was started automatically at boot:

# rc-service dhcpcd stop

Identify the name of your Ethernet interface.

# ip link
 
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
2: enp2s0f0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN mode DEFAULT qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:11:25:31:69:20 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
3: wlp3s0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP mode DORMANT qlen 1000
    link/ether 01:02:03:04:05:06 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

In this example, the Ethernet interface is enp2s0f0. If you are unsure, your Ethernet interface is likely to start with the letter “e”, and unlikely to be “lo” or start with the letter “w”. You can also use iwconfig and see which interfaces are not wireless:

# iwconfig
 
enp2s0f0  no wireless extensions.
wlp3s0    IEEE 802.11bgn  ESSID:"NETGEAR97"
          Mode:Managed  Frequency:2.427 GHz  Access Point: 2C:B0:5D:9C:72:BF
          Bit Rate=65 Mb/s   Tx-Power=16 dBm
          Retry  long limit:7   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
          Power Management:on
          Link Quality=61/70  Signal level=-49 dBm
          Rx invalid nwid:0  Rx invalid crypt:0  Rx invalid frag:0
          Tx excessive retries:0  Invalid misc:430   Missed beacon:0
lo        no wireless extensions.

In this example, neither enp2s0f0 nor the loopback device have wireless extensions, meaning enp2s0f0 is our Ethernet interface.

You also need to know these settings:

  • Static IP address.
  • Subnet mask.
  • Gateway's IP address.
  • Name servers' (DNS) IP addresses.
  • Domain name (unless you are on a local LAN, in which case you can make it up).

Activate the connected Ethernet interface (e.g. enp2s0f0):

# ip link set enp2s0f0 up

Add the address:

# ip addr add ip_address/subnetmask dev interface_name

For example:

# ip addr add 192.168.1.2/24 dev enp2s0f0

For more options, run man ip.

Add your gateway like this, substituting your own gateway's IP address:

# ip route add default via ip_address

For example:

# ip route add default via 192.168.1.1

Edit resolv.conf, substituting your name servers' IP addresses and your local domain name:

# nano /etc/resolv.conf
 
nameserver 61.23.173.5
nameserver 61.95.849.8
search example.com
Currently, you may include a maximum of three nameserver lines. In order to overcome this limitation, you can use a locally caching nameserver like Dnsmasq.

You should now have a working network connection. If you do not, check the detailed Network Configuration page.

Wireless

Follow this procedure if you need wireless connectivity (Wi-Fi) during the installation process.

First, identify the name of your wireless interface.

# iw dev
 
phy#0
        Interface wlp3s0
                ifindex 3
                wdev 0x1
                addr 00:21:6a:5e:52:bc
                type managed

In this example, wlp3s0 is the available wireless interface. If you are unsure, your wireless interface is likely to start with the letter “w”, and unlikely to be “lo” or start with the letter “e”.

If you do not see output similar to this, then your wireless driver has not been loaded. Please see Wireless Setup for more detailed information.

Bring the interface up with:

# ip link set wlp3s0 up
If you get this error message:
SIOCSIFFLAGS: No such file or directory

Then, your wireless chipset could need a non-free firmware to function. This is not supported on Hyperbola. Please see Wireless Setup if you are unsure if this is the true for your particular chipset.

Next, use iw dev wlp3s0 scan | grep SSID to scan for available networks, then connect to a network with:

# wpa_supplicant -B -i wlp3s0 -c <(wpa_passphrase "ssid" "psk")

You need to replace ssid with the name of your network (e.g. “Linksys etc…”) and psk with your wireless password, leaving the quotes around the network name and password.

Finally, you have to give your interface an IP address. This can be set manually or using the dhcp:

# dhcpcd wlp3s0

If that does not work, issue the following commands:

# echo 'ctrl_interface=DIR=/run/wpa_supplicant' > /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf
# wpa_passphrase <ssid> <passphrase> >> /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf
# ip link set <interface> up # May not be needed as dhcpcd should bring it up but may be needed for wpa_supplicant.
# wpa_supplicant -B -D nl80211 -c /foobar.conf -i <interface name>
# dhcpcd -A <interface name>

ADSL with PPPoE/PPPoA

Follow this procedure if you need ADSL with PPPoE/PPPoA during the installation process.

First, identify the name of your Ethernet interface.

# ip link
 
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
2: enp2s0f0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN mode DEFAULT qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:11:25:31:69:20 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
3: wlp3s0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP mode DORMANT qlen 1000
    link/ether 01:02:03:04:05:06 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

In this example, the Ethernet interface is enp2s0f0.

Second, create the PPP net script and the net script for the Ethernet interface to be used by PPP:

# ln -s /etc/init.d/net.lo /etc/init.d/net.ppp0
# ln -s /etc/init.d/net.lo /etc/init.d/net.enp2s0f0
Be sure to set rc_depend_strict to YES in /etc/rc.conf.

Now we need to configure /etc/conf.d/net.

# nano /etc/conf.d/net

config_eth0=null (Specify the ethernet interface)
config_ppp0="ppp"
link_ppp0="enp2s0f0" (Specify the ethernet interface)
plugins_ppp0="pppoe"
username_ppp0='user'
password_ppp0='password'
pppd_ppp0="
noauth
defaultroute
usepeerdns
holdoff 3
child-timeout 60
lcp-echo-interval 15
lcp-echo-failure 3
noaccomp noccp nobsdcomp nodeflate nopcomp novj novjccomp"
  
rc_need_ppp0="net.enp2s0f0"
It is also possible to set the password in /etc/ppp/pap-secrets.
Please carefully read the section on ADSL and PPP in /usr/share/doc/netifrc-*/net.example.bz2. It contains many more detailed explanations of all the settings any particular PPP setup will likely need.

Now that the interface is configured, we can start it using the following commands:

rc-service net.ppp0 start

Behind a proxy server

If you are behind a proxy server, you will need to export the http_proxy and ftp_proxy environment variables. See Proxy settings for more information.

Verification of package signatures

New packager keys are necessary by default to install Hyperbola from current ISOs. Because changes in existing keys might happen since the ISO release, it is recommended, if not mandatory, to update the keys before attempting an install. To upgrade the package hyperbola-keyring and arch-keyring:

# pacman -Sy hyperbola-keyring arch-keyring

If you face GPG errors updating those packages, it's likely because the key that signed it have expired. To fix this, run:

# pacman-key --populate hyperbola arch
# pacman-key --refresh-keys

After that, if no errors happen, running pacman -Sy hyperbola-keyring arch-keyring again should work.

If you get an error related to dirmngr, you can get rid of it with:

# mkdir /root/.gnupg && chmod go-rx /root/.gnupg && touch /root/.gnupg/dirmngr_ldapservers.conf

For the time being, running the previous command might also be needed in the newly installed system.

It may be also possible that the system clock is behind and the keys are incorrectly marked invalid. To solve this, manually set the correct time.

# date MMDDhhmm[[CC]YY][.ss]

where MM is the month, DD the day, hh the hour, mm the minutes, CC the century, YY the year and .SS the seconds of current time, the seconds can be omitted (and then also the dot before them should be omitted), the year can also be submitted or just the century. for instance if the current time is 32 seconds and 44 minutes past 18 (6 pm) on the 13th November 2013. Then the command would be:

# date 111318442013.32

Install the base system

Before installing, you may want to edit /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist such that your preferred mirror is first. This copy of the mirrorlist will be installed on your new system by pacstrap as well, so it's worth getting it right.

Install the base system using pacstrap:

# pacstrap /mnt

You can install additional packages passing base and the names of these packages as arguments after the root directory of the new installation (all packages from the base group are installed if no package is specified).

If you have a btrfs root, you probably want to install also btrfs-progs.

If you face GPG errors when running:
# pacstrap /mnt

Then, you can try to fix them with:

# pacman -Sfy hyperbola-keyring arch-keyring

Install and configure a bootloader

GRUB

  • For BIOS and EFI:
# pacstrap /mnt grub

See GRUB for further details.

Syslinux

# pacstrap /mnt syslinux

See Syslinux for further details.

Install wireless tools

If your wireless network is WPA protected, you'll need wpa_supplicant to connect to it:

# pacstrap /mnt wpa_supplicant

Configure the system

Generate a fstab with the following command (if you prefer to use UUIDs or labels, add the -U or -L option, respectively):

# genfstab -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

Next we chroot into our newly installed system:

# arch-chroot /mnt
  • Write your hostname to /etc/hostname
  • Symlink /etc/localtime to /usr/share/zoneinfo/Zone/SubZone. Replace Zone and Subzone to your liking. For example:
# ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Athens /etc/localtime
  • Set locale preferences in /etc/locale.conf
  • Add console keymap and font preferences in /etc/conf.d/keymaps
  • Uncomment the selected locale in /etc/locale.gen and generate it with locale-gen
  • Configure /etc/mkinitcpio.conf as needed (see mkinitcpio) and create an initial RAM disk with:
# mkinitcpio -p linux-libre-lts
linux-libre-lts is our default kernel since we are a long-term support distro.
  • If you want to install GRUB for the (U)EFI mode, you will need to make sure that:
    • The computer booted in (U)EFI mode (if /sys/firmware/efi exist, then it booted in (U)EFI mode)
    • The efivars module is loaded. (modprobe efivars will load it)
  • To configure the bootloader, you have to install it and generate the file grub.cfg:
# grub-install /dev/sdX
# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Add your user to the relevant group such as:

# gpasswd -a YourActualUserName video

Configure speech support (for blind and visually impaired users)

If you are using HyperTalking and need start speech support when you boot the system, you will need to do:

# rc-update add espeakup default
  • Save the state of the sound card, so that it will be retrieved on reboot:
# alsactl store

Unmount and reboot

If you are still in the chroot environment type exit or press Ctrl+D in order to exit. Earlier we mounted the partitions under /mnt. In this step we will unmount them:

# umount /mnt/{boot,home,}

Now reboot and then login into the new system with the root account.

Configure pacman

Edit /etc/pacman.conf and configure pacman's options, also enabling the repositories you need.

See Pacman and Repositories for details.

Update the system

At this point you should update your system.

See Upgrading packages for instructions.

Add an user

Finally, add a normal user as described in User management.

Service management

Since Hyperbola removed entire systemd support, we suggest you read about OpenRC which is our main default init system.

Conclusion

Your new Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre base system is now a functional GNU/Linux environment.

Acknowledgement

This wiki article is based on ArchWiki, GentooWiki and ParabolaWiki. We may have removed non-FSDG bits from it.